Thoracic or chest surgery relates to treatment or surgery of all organs
in the chest, except heart. This includes all surgeries of lungs i.e
tuberculosis, cancers, all surgeries of rib cage i.e birth defects and deformed
ribs, surgeries of the airways i.e narrowing of Trachea after ventilator
support, surgeries for diseases of food pipes and stomach i.e cancers of esophagus and stomach. This also includes
surgeries for cancers of throat and thyroid. There is
glaring lack of awareness among public regarding need for chest surgeon and the
treatment options for diseases and complications, related to chest surgery.
Seemingly the diseases for chest surgery look rare but actually most of these
diseases are neither diagnosed nor referred to chest surgeon in time.
Another reason the chest surgical services are not highlighted in public
is that the number of chest surgeon in Pakistan is very less as compared to the
disease burden. There are about 15-20 senior chest surgeons in Pakistan.
Considering all these factors there is a strong need for health awareness
related to chest surgery in general public.
Complicated Pneumonia, tuberculosis and lung cancer still
top the list of diseases in Pakistan. If such patients are timely referred to
chest surgeons the patients can have a healthy and prolonged life in these
diseases. If you make a holistic view of all our civil hospitals and TB sanatorium
you will be shocked to see the misery of general public which have not been
referred to any chest surgical treatment. The reason for this is multifactorial
as already discussed above.
An experienced chest surgeon is
proficient in airway disease in neck, food pipe (Esophageal), stomach and
cervical rib surgery. However due to overlap with other specialties,
neurosurgeon, ENT surgeon, cardiac surgeons and general surgeons have been
performing these surgeries without adequate results. It is a need of our that
through social media campaigns and health awareness programs general public
should be educated about which diseases are best treated by chest surgeon.
Hence, it is highly recommended that chest surgeons should be contacted for
reliable treatment of chest related surgical diseases.